People in Riga, Latvia. Editorial credit: Aleksandrs Muiznieks /


Latvia is a multiparty democracy whose elections are regarded as free and fair. Civil liberties are generally respected in law and in practice. However, corruption remains a major problem affecting politics, the judiciary, and the wider criminal justice system. The country’s ethnic Russian population faces disadvantages in matters such as education and employment.

FIW 2021 crop 2 cover photo

Freedom in the World — Latvia Country Report

Latvia is rated Free in Freedom in the World, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide. 

Ukraine photograph photo auction by anastasiia lukavska

Nations in Transit — Latvia Country Report

Categorized as a Consolidated Democracy, Latvia receives a Democracy Percentage of 80 out of 100 in the Nations in Transit 2021 report.