People in Riga, Latvia. Editorial credit: Aleksandrs Muiznieks /


Latvia developed into a democracy after regaining independence in 1991. Elections are regarded as free and fair, and freedoms of assembly and association are generally respected in practice. However, corruption remains a major problem affecting politics, the judiciary, and the wider criminal justice system. The country’s ethnic Russians face discrimination.

An opposition demonstrator plays the violin during a protest against President Nicolas Maduro in Caracas. Credit: FEDERICO PARRA/AFP/Getty Images.

Freedom in the World — Latvia Country Report

Latvia is rated Free in Freedom in the World, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.