Lebanese Protesters against the current government and corruption. Riad El Soleh-Beirut, Lebanon. 19 October 2019. Editorial credit: Hiba Al Kallas / Shutterstock.com


Lebanon’s political system ensures representation for its many sectarian communities, but suppresses competition within each community and impedes the rise of cross-sectarian or secularist parties. It effectively elevates communities over individuals and communal leaders over state institutions. Residents enjoy some civil liberties and media pluralism, but the rule of law is undermined by political interference. The government struggles to provide services for and uphold the rights of the refugees who make up more than a quarter of Lebanon’s population. Refugees from Syria face particularly serious discrimination and harassment.

An opposition demonstrator plays the violin during a protest against President Nicolas Maduro in Caracas. Credit: FEDERICO PARRA/AFP/Getty Images.

Freedom in the World — Lebanon Country Report

Lebanon is rated Partly Free in Freedom in the World, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.


Freedom on the Net— Lebanon Country Report

Lebanon is rated Partly Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe.

News & Perspectives on Lebanon