Lebanese Protesters against the current government and corruption. Riad El Soleh-Beirut, Lebanon. 19 October 2019. Editorial credit: Hiba Al Kallas / Shutterstock.com


Lebanon’s political system ensures representation for its many sectarian communities, but suppresses competition within each community and impedes the rise of cross-sectarian or secularist parties. It effectively elevates communities over individuals and communal leaders over state institutions. Residents enjoy some civil liberties and media pluralism, but the rule of law is undermined by political interference. The government struggles to provide services for and uphold the rights of the refugees who make up more than a quarter of Lebanon’s population. Refugees from Syria face particularly serious discrimination and harassment.

FIW 2021 crop 2 cover photo

Freedom in the World — Lebanon Country Report

Lebanon is rated Partly Free in Freedom in the World, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.

In the high-stakes battle between states and technology companies, the rights of internet users have become the main casualties. Illustration by Mitch Blunt

Freedom on the Net— Lebanon Country Report

Lebanon is rated Partly Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe.

News & Perspectives on Lebanon