People in Kritipur, Nepal. Editorial credit: lakkana savaksuriyawong /


Since the end of a decade-long civil war in 2006, Nepal has held a series of competitive elections and adopted a permanent constitution. As politics have stabilized, pressure on journalists has decreased, and authorities have been somewhat more tolerant of peaceful assembly. However, political protests are still sometimes marred by violence, and corruption remains endemic in politics, government, and the judicial system. Other problems include gender-based violence, underage marriage, and bonded labor. Transitional justice bodies have struggled to fulfill their mandates.

FIW 2021 crop 2 cover photo

Freedom in the World — Nepal Country Report

Nepal is rated Partly Free in Freedom in the World, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.