While Nigeria has made significant improvements to the quality of its elections since the 1999 transition to democratic rule, the 2019 presidential and National Assembly elections, which saw President Muhammadu Buhari reelected and the All Progressives Caucus (APC) regain its legislative majority, were marred by irregularities. Corruption remains endemic in the key petroleum industry. Security challenges, including the ongoing insurgency by the Boko Haram militant group, kidnappings, and communal and sectarian violence in the Middle Belt region, threaten the human rights of millions of Nigerians. The military and law-enforcement agencies often engage in extrajudicial killings, torture, and other abuses. Civil liberties are undermined by religious and ethnic bias, while women and LGBT+ people face pervasive discrimination. The vibrant media landscape is impeded by criminal defamation laws, as well as the frequent harassment and arrests of journalists who cover politically sensitive topics.
Freedom in the World — Nigeria Country Report
Nigeria is rated Partly Free in Freedom in the World 2023, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.
Countries in the Spotlight
Freedom in the World Countries in the Spotlight features countries that experienced important developments in 2019 that affected their democratic trajectory, and deserve special scrutiny in 2020. In Nigeria, the year’s elections were marred by serious irregularities and widespread intimidation of voters, poll workers, and journalists, marking a decline from the 2015 elections. View the full report to learn about the other Countries in the Spotlight.
Freedom on the Net— Nigeria Country Report
Nigeria is rated Partly Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe.
News & Perspectives on Nigeria
Nigeria’s Twitter Ban Is a Bellwether Case for Internet Freedom
June 28, 2021
Nigeria: Freedom House Condemns Attacks on Peaceful Protesters
October 21, 2020
Six Countries to Watch in 2020
April 9, 2020
West Africa's Democratic Progress is Slipping Away, Even as Region's Significance Grows
March 19, 2020