People hold candles as they attend a night vigil and prayer at the Amahoro Stadium as part of the 25th Commemoration of the 1994 Genocide.  Kigali, Rwanda. 7 April 2019. Editorial credit: Editorial Credit: YASUYOSHI CHIBA/AFP via Getty Images


The Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), led by President Paul Kagame, has ruled the country since 1994, when it ousted forces responsible for that year’s genocide and ended a civil war. While the regime has maintained stability and economic growth, it has also suppressed political dissent though pervasive surveillance, intimidation, torture, and renditions or suspected assassinations of exiled dissidents.

People gather in Myanmar to protest the February 1, 2021 military coup. (Image credit: Stringer/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images)

Freedom in the World — Rwanda Country Report

Rwanda is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World 2022, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.


 Freedom on the Net— Rwanda Country Report

Rwanda is rated Not Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe.