People hold candles as they attend a night vigil and prayer at the Amahoro Stadium as part of the 25th Commemoration of the 1994 Genocide.  Kigali, Rwanda. 7 April 2019. Editorial credit: Editorial Credit: YASUYOSHI CHIBA/AFP via Getty Images


The Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), led by President Paul Kagame, has ruled the country since 1994, when it ousted forces responsible for that year’s genocide and ended a civil war. While the regime has maintained stability and economic growth, it has also suppressed political dissent though pervasive surveillance, intimidation, and suspected assassinations.

FIW 2021 crop 2 cover photo

Freedom in the World — Rwanda Country Report

Rwanda is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.

In the high-stakes battle between states and technology companies, the rights of internet users have become the main casualties. Illustration by Mitch Blunt

 Freedom on the Net— Rwanda Country Report

Rwanda is rated Not Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe.