People in Porto Allegre, São Tomé and Príncipe. Editorial credit: BOULENGER Xavier /

São Tomé and Príncipe

São Tomé and Príncipe holds regular, competitive national elections and has undergone multiple transfers of power between rival parties. Civil liberties are generally respected, but poverty and corruption have weakened some institutions and contributed to dysfunction in the justice system. Threats to judicial independence have been a growing concern in recent years.

FIW 2021 crop 2 cover photo

Freedom in the World — São Tomé and Principe Country Report

São Tomé and Principe is rated Free in Freedom in the World, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.