South Sudan, which gained independence from Sudan in 2011, descended into civil war in 2013, when a rift between President Salva Kiir and the vice president he dismissed, Riek Machar, triggered fighting among their supporters and divided the country along ethnic lines. A peace agreement reached in 2018 further delayed overdue national elections, instituting an uneasy power-sharing arrangement among political elites who have presided over rampant corruption, economic collapse, and atrocities against civilians, journalists, and aid workers.
Freedom in the World — South Sudan Country Report
South Sudan is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.
- 2019 South Sudan Country Report
- 2020 Country Report — Coming Soon!