People in Minsk, Belarus.  Editorial credit:  Michael715 /


Belarus is an authoritarian state in which elections are openly orchestrated and civil liberties are tightly restricted. After permitting limited displays of dissent as part of a drive to pursue better relations with the European Union (EU) and the United States, the government has more recently sought to increase control of the public sphere through restrictions on journalists, online media, and demonstrations. In an apparent attempt to mute criticism of the country’s rights record, penalties for dissent have increasingly taken the form of fines, or have been handed down after delays in order to avoid media coverage.

People gather in Myanmar to protest the February 1, 2021 military coup. (Image credit: Stringer/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images)

Freedom in the World — Belarus Country Report

Belarus is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World 2022, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide. 

In the high-stakes battle between states and technology companies, the rights of internet users have become the main casualties. Illustration by Mitch Blunt

Freedom on the Net — Belarus Country Report

Belarus is rated Not Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe.

Ukraine photograph photo auction by anastasiia lukavska

Nations in Transit — Belarus Country Report

Categorized as a Consolidated Authoritarian regime, Belarus receives a Democracy Percentage of 3 out of 100 in the Nations in Transit 2022 report.