People in Sofia, Bulgaria. Editorial credit: poludziber /


Multiple parties compete in Bulgaria’s democratic system, and there have been several transfers of power between rival parties in recent decades. The country continues to struggle with political corruption and organized crime. While the media sector remains pluralistic, ownership concentration is a growing problem. Journalists at times encounter threats or violence in the course of their work. Ethnic minorities, particularly Roma, face discrimination. Despite funding shortages and other obstacles, civil society groups have been active and influential.

FIW 2021 crop 2 cover photo

Freedom in the World — Bulgaria Country Report

Bulgaria is rated Free in Freedom in the World, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.

Ukraine photograph photo auction by anastasiia lukavska

Nations in Transit — Bulgaria Country Report

Categorized as a Semi-Consolidated Democracy, Bulgaria receives a Democracy Percentage of 58 out of 100 in the Nations in Transit 2021 report.