People in Puerto Viejo, Costa Rica. Editorial credit: Fmzmillan /

Costa Rica

Costa Rica has a long history of democratic stability, with a multiparty political system and regular rotations of power through credible elections. Freedoms of expression and association are robust. The rule of law is generally strong, though presidents have often been implicated in corruption scandals. Among other ongoing concerns, Indigenous people face discrimination, and land disputes involving Indigenous communities persist.

Freedom in the World 2023

Freedom in the World — Costa Rica Country Report

Costa Rica is rated Free in Freedom in the World 2023, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.

illustration by Mitch Blunt, the globe with many walls built to illustrate internet blockages

Freedom on the Net — Costa Rica Country Report

Costa Rica is rated Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe.