People in Santiago de Cuba, Cuba. Editorial credit:  jakubtravelphoto /


Cuba’s one-party communist state outlaws political pluralism, bans independent media, suppresses dissent, and severely restricts basic civil liberties. The government continues to dominate the economy despite recent reforms that permit some private-sector activity. The regime’s undemocratic character has not changed despite a generational transition in political leadership between 2018 and 2021 that included the introduction of a new constitution.

Our Work in Cuba

Freedom House outspokenly advocates for the improvement of human rights in Cuba. As the Cuban government attempts to tighten its control over citizens in the face of expanded internet access across the island, Freedom House is sharing knowledge with Cuban activists that allow them to communicate securely and to collaborate effectively in a restrictive environment.

To learn more about Freedom House's work in the region, visit our Latin America and the Caribbean programs page. 

Freedom in the World 2023

Freedom in the World — Cuba Country Report

Cuba is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World 2023, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.


illustration by Mitch Blunt, the globe with many walls built to illustrate internet blockages

Freedom on the Net — Cuba Country Report

Cuba is rated Not Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe.