People in Cairo, Egypt. Editorial credit: Sun_Shine / Shutterstock.com

Egypt

President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, who first took power in a 2013 coup, has governed Egypt in an increasingly authoritarian manner. Meaningful political opposition is virtually nonexistent, as expressions of dissent can draw criminal prosecution and imprisonment. Civil liberties, including press freedom and freedom of assembly, are tightly restricted. Security forces engage in human rights abuses with impunity, and physical security is further undermined by terrorist violence centered in the Sinai Peninsula.

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Freedom in the World — Egypt Country Report

Egypt is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World 2020, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.

A young woman wearing a protective mask looks at her smartphone while passing by a grafitti representing two big watching eyes in Berlin, Germany on April 1, 2020. Illustrative Editorial (Photo by Emmanuele Contini/NurPhoto via Getty Images)

Freedom on the Net — Egypt Country Report

Egypt is rated Not Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe.