People in Narva, Estonia. Editorial credit: Kira_Yan /


Estonia’s democratic institutions are generally strong, and both political rights and civil liberties are widely respected. However, more than 5 percent of the population remains stateless and cannot participate in national elections. Corruption is a persistent challenge, as is discrimination against ethnic Russians, Roma, LGBT+ people, and others. Far-right and Euroskeptic forces have become increasingly vocal in Estonian politics in recent years.

FIW 2021 crop 2 cover photo

Freedom in the World — Estonia Country Report

Estonia is rated Free in Freedom in the World, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.

In the high-stakes battle between states and technology companies, the rights of internet users have become the main casualties. Illustration by Mitch Blunt

Freedom on the Net — Estonia Country Report

Estonia is rated Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe. 

Ukraine photograph photo auction by anastasiia lukavska

Nations in Transit — Estonia Country Report

Categorized as a Consolidated Democracy, Estonia receives a Democracy Percentage of 83 out of 100 in the Nations in Transit 2022 report.