Estonia’s democratic institutions are generally strong, and both political rights and civil liberties are widely respected. However, more than 5 percent of the population remains stateless and cannot participate in national elections. Corruption is a persistent challenge, as is discrimination against ethnic Russians, Roma, LGBT+ people, and others. Far-right and Euroskeptic forces have become increasingly vocal in Estonian politics in recent years.
Freedom in the World — Estonia Country Report
Estonia is rated Free in Freedom in the World 2023, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.
Freedom on the Net — Estonia Country Report
Estonia is rated Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe.
Nations in Transit — Estonia Country Report
Categorized as a Consolidated Democracy, Estonia receives a Democracy Percentage of 83 out of 100 in the Nations in Transit 2022 report.
News & Perspectives on Estonia
NEW REPORT: Regional Autocrats Exploiting Instability, Expanding Power from Central Europe to Central Asia
April 20, 2022
NEW REPORT: Attacks on Democracy Intensify as Autocracy Spreads in Europe and Eurasia
April 28, 2021
In Liberal Estonia, Right-Wing Populists Are Making Their Mark
July 2, 2019