People in Narva, Estonia. Editorial credit: Kira_Yan /


Democratic institutions are strong, and political and civil rights are widely respected in Estonia. However, about 6 percent of the population remains stateless, and thus may not participate in national elections. Corruption remains a challenge, as does discrimination against ethnic Russians, members of the Romany minority, and LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) people. Women earn significantly less than men for performing similar duties.

FIW Hong Kong hero photo

Freedom in the World — Estonia Country Report

Estonia is rated Free in Freedom in the World, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.

In the high-stakes battle between states and technology companies, the rights of internet users have become the main casualties. Illustration by Mitch Blunt

Freedom on the Net — Estonia Country Report

Estonia is rated Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe. 

Ukraine photograph photo auction by anastasiia lukavska

Nations in Transit — Estonia Country Report

Categorized as a Consolidated Democracy, Estonia receives a Democracy Percentage of 84 out of 100 in the Nations in Transit 2021 report.