Estonia’s democratic institutions are generally strong, and both political rights and civil liberties are widely respected. However, more than 5 percent of the population remains stateless and cannot participate in national elections. Corruption is a persistent challenge, as is discrimination against ethnic Russians, Roma, LGBT+ people, and others. Far-right and Euroskeptic forces have become increasingly vocal in Estonian politics in recent years.
Nations in Transit — Estonia Country Report
Estonia is categorized as a Consolidated Democracy in the Nations in Transit 2023, Freedom House's annual study on the state of democracy in the region stretching from Central Europe to Central Asia.
Freedom on the Net — Estonia Country Report
Estonia is rated Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe.
Projecting Freedom: Rebellion and Revolution at the Movies
July 13, 2023
NEW REPORT: Regional Autocrats Exploiting Instability, Expanding Power from Central Europe to Central Asia
April 20, 2022
NEW REPORT: Attacks on Democracy Intensify as Autocracy Spreads in Europe and Eurasia
April 28, 2021
In Liberal Estonia, Right-Wing Populists Are Making Their Mark
July 2, 2019