Control of Kashmir has been divided between India and Pakistan since 1948, and Indian-administered Kashmir long enjoyed substantial autonomy under India’s constitution. However, the region’s autonomous status was revoked in 2019, and what had been the state of Jammu and Kashmir was reconstituted as two union territories under the direct control of the Indian central government.
Freedom in the World — Indian Kashmir Report
Indian Kashmir is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World 2023, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.
News & Perspectives on Indian Kashmir
Transnational Repression Threatens Freedom Worldwide
As Trump Returns from India, Others in U.S. Must Press Modi on Human Rights in Kashmir
March 4, 2020
Can Indian Democracy Survive Modi’s Hindu Nationalist Agenda?
January 8, 2020
Challenges New and Old Expose Cracks in India’s Democracy
August 14, 2017
* Indicates a territory as opposed to an independent country.