Kashmiri journalists protest against the ongoing internet blockade. Srinagar, Kashmir, India.  12 November 2019.  Editorial credit: FAROOQ KHAN/​EPA-EFE/​Shutterstock.com

Indian Kashmir*

Control of Kashmir has been divided between India and Pakistan since 1948, and Indian-administered Kashmir long enjoyed substantial autonomy under India’s constitution. However, the region’s autonomous status was revoked in 2019, and what had been the state of Jammu and Kashmir was reconstituted as two union territories under the direct control of the Indian central government.

Iranian people in Izmir protest the death of Mahsa Amini by the morality police in Iran.

Freedom in the World — Indian Kashmir Report

Indian Kashmir is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World 2023, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.

* Indicates a territory as opposed to an independent country.