Libyans celebrate the liberation from the Qaddafi regime. Tripoli, Libya. 5 November 2011. Editorial credit: rm /


While a popular armed uprising in 2011 deposed longtime dictator Mu’ammar al-Qadhafi, Libya is now racked by internal divisions, and international efforts to bring rival administrations together in a unity government have failed. A proliferation of weapons and autonomous militias, flourishing criminal networks, and the presence of extremist groups have all undermined security in the country. The ongoing violence has displaced hundreds of thousands of people, and human rights conditions have steadily deteriorated.

FIW 2021 crop 2 cover photo

Freedom in the World — Libya Country Report

Libya is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.

In the high-stakes battle between states and technology companies, the rights of internet users have become the main casualties. Illustration by Mitch Blunt

Freedom on the Net— Libya Country Report

Libya is rated Partly Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe.