Reporters hold banners as they attend a demonstration march for press freedom. Yangon, Myanmar. 7 January 2014.  Editorial credit: Ye Aung Thu/AFP via Getty Images


Myanmar’s already-stalled democratic transition was completely derailed in February 2021, when the military, known as the Tatmadaw, seized control of the government, arresting dozens of senior government officials and preventing the newly elected parliament from convening. The National League for Democracy (NLD), which won a sweeping victory in the November 2020 elections, led a broad-based opposition to the takeover, organizing a country-wide Civil Disobedience Movement (CDM) that continued throughout the year. Protesters were met with indiscriminate violence from military forces, and journalists, activists, and ordinary people risked criminal charges and detention for voicing dissent. Armed conflict between the military and ethnic rebel groups continued, as did the forced displacement of hundreds of thousands of Rohingya, a mostly Muslim ethnic minority.

People gather in Myanmar to protest the February 1, 2021 military coup. (Image credit: Stringer/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images)

Freedom in the World — Myanmar Country Report

Myanmar is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World 2022, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.


Freedom on the Net — Myanmar Country Report

Myanmar is rated Not Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe. 

Our Work in Myanmar

Myanmar Rohingya refugee woman shout slogans protest against the repatriation programme at the Unchiprang Rohingya refugee camp in Teknaf, Bangladesh. Photo by K M Asad/LightRocket via Getty Images.

Freedom House has been supporting civil society organizations in Myanmar since 2013.  This has included supporting research and advocacy initiatives carried out by CSOs representing ethnic and other marginalized communities. Currently, Freedom House is supporting the efforts of civil society groups and networks to increase public participation in and advocacy on constitutional and legislative reform.

To learn more about Freedom House programs in Asia, visit our Asia-Pacific program page. 

Countering an Authoritarian Overhaul of the Internet
Countering an Authoritarian Overhaul of the Internet