People in Khartoum, Sudan. Editorial credit: Claudiovidri /


Sudan’s political system is dominated by an authoritarian president, Omar al-Bashir, and his National Congress Party (NCP), which rely on repression and inducements to maintain power. The regime violently represses regional, religious, and ethnic groups that do not share its narrow nationalist vision. Civil society encounters severe restrictions, religious rights are not respected, and the media is closely monitored.

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Freedom in the World — Sudan Country Report

Sudan is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide. 

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Countries in the Spotlight

Freedom in the World's Countries in the Spotlight features countries that experienced important developments in 2019 that affected their democratic trajectory, and deserve special scrutiny in 2020. In Sudan, prodemocracy protest movement overcame violent reprisals to secure a power-sharing deal with the military, which overthrew entrenched dictator Omar al-Bashir under pressure from the demonstrators. View the full report to see the other Countries in the Spotlight. 


Freedom on the Net— Sudan Country Report

Sudan is rated Not Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe.