People in Khartoum, Sudan. Editorial credit: Claudiovidri /


Civic Mobilizations: Sudanese Protest

The Spread of Non-Violent Action: The Case of the 2018–2019 Revolution in Sudan

After military commanders and a prodemocracy protest movement ousted the repressive regime of longtime president Omar al-Bashir and his National Congress Party (NCP) in 2019, Sudan was ruled by a transitional government in which military and civilian leaders agreed to share power until national elections could be held. The government began to enact reforms, and space for the exercise of civil liberties slowly opened. However, the process was thrown into turmoil in late 2021 when the military leadership dissolved the transitional government in a coup and cracked down on the ensuing prodemocracy protests. Throughout the transition period, violence involving security forces, other armed groups, and rival ethnic communities has persisted in many parts of the country.

Iranian people in Izmir protest the death of Mahsa Amini by the morality police in Iran.

Freedom in the World — Sudan Country Report

Sudan is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World 2023, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide. 


Freedom on the Net— Sudan Country Report

Sudan is rated Not Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe.

flag of Sudan country

Countries in the Spotlight

Freedom in the World's Countries in the Spotlight features countries that experienced important developments in 2019 that affected their democratic trajectory, and deserve special scrutiny in 2020. In Sudan, prodemocracy protest movement overcame violent reprisals to secure a power-sharing deal with the military, which overthrew entrenched dictator Omar al-Bashir under pressure from the demonstrators. View the full report to see the other Countries in the Spotlight.