- The country experienced serious democratic backsliding under former president Edgar Lungu, including repression of the opposition, restrictions on the internet, and attacks on media freedom. The new administration of Hakainde Hichilema, who took office in August 2021, has an opportunity to pursue justice and accountability.
- Allegations of police brutality, including the use of torture to extract confessions, have been widespread, and security forces have operated with impunity.
- Corruption in government is common, and related prosecutions and court decisions are often thought to reflect political motivations.
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Global Freedom Score54 100 partly free
Internet Freedom Score59 100 partly free