Iraqi people hold a public demonstration against the government. Baghdad, Iraq. 1 November 2019. Editorial credit: Eng. Bilal Izaddin /


Iraq holds regular, competitive elections, and the country’s various partisan, religious, and ethnic groups enjoy some representation in the political system. However, democratic governance is impeded in practice by corruption and security threats. In the Kurdistan region, democratic institutions lack the strength to contain the influence of long-standing power brokers. Civil liberties are generally respected in Iraqi law, but the state has limited capacity to prevent and punish violations.

Freedom in the World 2021

Freedom in the World — Iraq Country Report

Iraq is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World 2021, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.