Iraqi people hold a public demonstration against the government. Baghdad, Iraq. 1 November 2019. Editorial credit: Eng. Bilal Izaddin /


Iraq holds regular, competitive elections, and the country’s various partisan, religious, and ethnic groups generally enjoy representation in the political system. However, democratic governance is impeded in practice by corruption, militias operating outside the bounds of the law, and the weakness of formal institutions. In the Kurdistan region, democratic institutions lack the strength to contain the influence of long-standing power brokers. Increasingly, Iran has been able to influence politics in Baghdad. Civil liberties are generally respected in Iraqi law, but in practice the state has limited capacity to prevent and punish violations, and authorities routinely infringe upon the rights of residents.

People gather in Myanmar to protest the February 1, 2021 military coup. (Image credit: Stringer/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images)

Freedom in the World — Iraq Country Report

Iraq is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World 2022, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.


Freedom on the Net — Iraq Country Report

Iraq is rated Partly Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe.