Iraqi people hold a public demonstration against the government. Baghdad, Iraq. 1 November 2019. Editorial credit: Eng. Bilal Izaddin / Shutterstock.com

Iraq

Iraq holds regular, competitive elections, and the country’s various partisan, religious, and ethnic groups generally enjoy representation in the political system. However, democratic governance is impeded in practice by corruption and security threats. In the Kurdistan region, democratic institutions lack the strength to contain the influence of long-standing power brokers. Increasingly, Iran has been able to influence politics in Baghdad. Civil liberties are generally respected in Iraqi law, but the state has limited capacity to prevent and punish violations.

Freedom in the World 2021

Freedom in the World — Iraq Country Report

Iraq is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World 2021, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.

In the high-stakes battle between states and technology companies, the rights of internet users have become the main casualties. Illustration by Mitch Blunt

Freedom on the Net — Iraq Country Report

Iraq is rated Partly Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe.