After two revolutions that ousted authoritarian presidents in 2005 and 2010, Kyrgyzstan adopted a parliamentary form of government. Governing coalitions proved unstable, however, and corruption remains pervasive. Unrest surrounding the annulled 2020 parliamentary elections led to significant political upheaval and the violent repression of opponents of nationalist politician Sadyr Japarov. Major constitutional changes adopted in 2021 significantly increased presidential authority, concentrating political power in the presidency and reducing the size and role of parliament. Both the judiciary and vigilante violence are increasingly used to suppress political opponents and civil society critics.
Freedom on the Net— Kyrgyzstan Country Report
Kyrgyzstan is rated Partly Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe.
Nations in Transit — Kyrgyzstan Country Report
Categorized as a Consolidated Authoritarian regime, Kyrgyzstan receives a Democracy Percentage of 13 out of 100 in the Nations in Transit 2022 report.
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