Kotor, Montenegro. Editorial credit: Julie Mayfeng / Shutterstock.com


An opposition coalition came to power in 2020, ending three decades of rule by the Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS). However, the country is mired in political and institutional crisis due to an unstable and shifting parliamentary majority and paralyzed Constitutional Court. Corruption in politics and in the judiciary remain problems. Montenegro is home to dynamic media and civil society sectors, and, notwithstanding persistent problems within the judicial system, civil liberties are generally respected.

Volunteers clean up the rubbles from a destroyed residential building in Borodyanka. Following the recapture of Borodyanka by the Ukrainian forces, the city was heavily devastated and turned into ruins under intense fighting and shelling.

Nations in Transit — Montenegro Country Report

Montenegro is categorized as a Transitional or Hybrid regime in the Nations in Transit 2023, Freedom House's annual study on the state of democracy in the region stretching from Central Europe to Central Asia.

Iranian people in Izmir protest the death of Mahsa Amini by the morality police in Iran.

Freedom in the World — Montenegro Country Report

Montenegro is rated Partly Free in Freedom in the World 2023, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.