The election of Sandinista leader Daniel Ortega in 2006 began a period of democratic deterioration marked by the consolidation of all branches of government under his party’s control, the limitation of fundamental freedoms, and unchecked corruption in government. In 2018, state forces, with the aid of informally allied armed groups, responded to a mass antigovernment movement with violence and repression. The rule of law collapsed as the government moved to put down the movement, with rights monitors reporting killings, extrajudicial detentions, disappearances, and torture. Since then, antigovernment activists report surveillance and monitoring, and Ortega has consolidated his power with sweeping arrests of his political opponents.
Freedom in the World — Nicaragua Country Report
Nicaragua is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World 2023, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.
Freedom on the Net — Nicaragua Country Report
Nicaragua is rated Partly Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe.
News & Perspectives on Nicaragua
NEW REPORT: Freedom in the Americas Declined in 2022, Nicaragua Receives Largest Score Decrease in Region
March 9, 2023
De pie por los derechos humanos
March 10, 2022
A Stand for Human Rights
March 10, 2022
Fighting for Democracy in Exile: My Story as a Nicaraguan Activist
March 2, 2022