A man holds up his chained wrists during a memorial on the one year anniversary of a government crackdown on a Mother's Day march. Managua, Nicaragua. 30 May 2019. Editorial credit: Alfredo Zuniga/​AP/​Shutterstock


The election of Sandinista leader Daniel Ortega in 2006 began a period of democratic deterioration marked by the consolidation of all branches of government under his party’s control, the limitation of fundamental freedoms, and unchecked corruption in government. In 2018, state forces, with the aid of informally allied armed groups, responded to a mass antigovernment movement with violence and repression. The rule of law collapsed as the government moved to put down the movement, with rights monitors reporting killings, extrajudicial detentions, disappearances, and torture. Since then, antigovernment activists report surveillance and monitoring, and Ortega has consolidated his power with sweeping arrests of his political opponents.

Freedom on the Net 2023

Freedom on the Net — Nicaragua Country Report

Nicaragua is rated Partly Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe.


Iranian people in Izmir protest the death of Mahsa Amini by the morality police in Iran.

Freedom in the World — Nicaragua Country Report

Nicaragua is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World 2023, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.