Somalia has struggled to reestablish a functioning state since the collapse of an authoritarian regime in 1991. No direct national elections have been held to date, and political affairs remain dominated by clan divisions. Amid ongoing insecurity, human rights abuses by both state and nonstate actors occur regularly.

Bernardo Arevalo supporters cheer after their presidential victory in Guatemala.

Freedom in the World — Somalia Country Report

Somalia is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World 2024, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.

News & Perspectives on Somalia