While ongoing reforms under a new president, Shavkat Mirziyoyev, have led to improvements on some issues, Uzbekistan remains a consolidated authoritarian regime. No genuine opposition parties operate legally. The legislature and judiciary effectively serve as instruments of the executive branch, which initiates reforms by decree, and the media remains tightly controlled by the state. Reports of torture and other ill-treatment remain common, although highly publicized cases of abuse have led to dismissals and prosecutions for some officials. Despite some high-profile releases, the government still holds numerous prisoners on political or religious grounds.
Freedom on the Net— Uzbekistan Country Report
Uzbekistan is rated Not Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe.
Nations in Transit — Uzbekistan Country Report
Categorized as a Consolidated Authoritarian regime, Uzbekistan receives a Democracy Percentage of 4 out of 100 in the Nations in Transit 2021 report.
Uzbekistan: Authorities Must End Reprisals Against Blogger Miraziz Bazarov for Exercising Right to Freedom of Expression
April 28, 2021
NEW REPORT: Attacks on Democracy Intensify as Autocracy Spreads in Europe and Eurasia
April 28, 2021
Uzbekistan: Stop Punishing Homosexuality and Respect the Human Rights of All
December 10, 2020
Uzbekistan: Freedom House Welcomes Release of Political Prisoners
August 31, 2020
Kyrgyzstan: No forced return to Uzbekistan
August 11, 2020
Coronavirus shows the need for a human rights–based approach to public health crises
August 3, 2020