hiva, Uzbekistan. Editorial Credit: Munzir Rosdi/Shutterstock.com

Uzbekistan

While ongoing reforms under a new president, Shavkat Mirziyoyev, have led to improvements on some issues, Uzbekistan remains a consolidated authoritarian regime. No genuine opposition parties operate legally. The legislature and judiciary effectively serve as instruments of the executive branch, which initiates reforms by decree, and the media remains tightly controlled by the state. Reports of torture and other ill-treatment remain common, although highly publicized cases of abuse have led to dismissals and prosecutions for some officials. Despite some high-profile releases, the government still holds numerous prisoners on political or religious grounds.

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Freedom in the World — Uzbekistan Country Report

Uzbekistan is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.

A young woman wearing a protective mask looks at her smartphone while passing by a grafitti representing two big watching eyes in Berlin, Germany on April 1, 2020. Illustrative Editorial (Photo by Emmanuele Contini/NurPhoto via Getty Images)

Freedom on the Net— Uzbekistan Country Report

Uzbekistan is rated Not Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe.

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Nations in Transit — Uzbekistan Country Report

Categorized as a Consolidated Authoritarian regime, Uzbekistan receives a Democracy Percentage of 2 out of 100 in the Nations in Transit 2020 report.