hiva, Uzbekistan. Editorial Credit: Munzir Rosdi/


While ongoing reforms under a new president, Shavkat Mirziyoyev, have led to improvements on some issues, Uzbekistan remains a consolidated authoritarian regime. No genuine opposition parties operate legally. The legislature and judiciary effectively serve as instruments of the executive branch, which initiates reforms by decree, and the media remains tightly controlled by the state. Reports of torture and other ill-treatment remain common, although highly publicized cases of abuse have led to dismissals and prosecutions for some officials. Despite some high-profile releases, the government still holds numerous prisoners on political or religious grounds.

People gather in Myanmar to protest the February 1, 2021 military coup. (Image credit: Stringer/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images)

Freedom in the World — Uzbekistan Country Report

Uzbekistan is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World 2022, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.

In the high-stakes battle between states and technology companies, the rights of internet users have become the main casualties. Illustration by Mitch Blunt

Freedom on the Net— Uzbekistan Country Report

Uzbekistan is rated Not Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe.

Ukraine photograph photo auction by anastasiia lukavska

Nations in Transit — Uzbekistan Country Report

Categorized as a Consolidated Authoritarian regime, Uzbekistan receives a Democracy Percentage of 4 out of 100 in the Nations in Transit 2022 report.