Skopje, North Macedonia.  Editorial credit: boris zhrchvich /

North Macedonia

North Macedonia is a parliamentary republic. A left-leaning government took power in 2017 after credible allegations of a massive, government-sponsored wiretapping and surveillance program emerged in 2015, prompting a crisis that paralyzed normal political activity. North Macedonia continues to struggle with corruption, and while the media and civil society are active, journalists and activists face pressure and intimidation.

An opposition demonstrator plays the violin during a protest against President Nicolas Maduro in Caracas. Credit: FEDERICO PARRA/AFP/Getty Images.

Freedom in the World — North Macedonia Country Report

North Macedonia is rated Partly Free in Freedom in the World, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.