Thousands of people marching on the streets of the Capital, Bucharest, to protest against allegations of on-going corruption within the government of Romania. Bucharest, Romania. 10 August 2019. Editorial credit:  jean-francois me /


Romania’s multiparty system has ensured regular rotations of power through competitive elections. Civil liberties are generally respected but have come under growing pressure as entrenched political interests push back against civic and institutional efforts to combat systemic corruption. Discrimination against minorities and other vulnerable groups is a long-standing problem, as is control of key media outlets by businessmen with political interests.

FIW 2021 crop 2 cover photo

Freedom in the World — Romania Country Report

Romania is rated Free in Freedom in the World, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.

Ukraine photograph photo auction by anastasiia lukavska

Nations in Transit — Romania Country Report

Categorized as a Semi-Consolidated Democracy, Romania receives a Democracy Percentage of 57 out of 100 in the Nations in Transit 2021 report.