People in Baku, Azerbaijan.  Editorial credit:  Denis Kabelev / Shutterstock.com

Azerbaijan

Power in Azerbaijan’s authoritarian regime remains heavily concentrated in the hands of Ilham Aliyev, who has served as president since 2003, and his extended family. Corruption is rampant, and the formal political opposition has been weakened by years of persecution. The authorities have carried out an extensive crackdown on civil liberties in recent years, leaving little room for independent expression or activism. Azerbaijan won control of a third of the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh along with some adjacent land during a weeks-long conflict with Armenia in 2020, at the cost of over 2,700 soldiers.

People gather in Myanmar to protest the February 1, 2021 military coup. (Image credit: Stringer/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images)

Freedom in the World — Azerbaijan Country Report

Azerbaijan is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World 2022, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.

In the high-stakes battle between states and technology companies, the rights of internet users have become the main casualties. Illustration by Mitch Blunt

Freedom on the Net — Azerbaijan Country Report

Azerbaijan is rated Not Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe. 

Ukraine photograph photo auction by anastasiia lukavska

Nations in Transit — Azerbaijan Country Report

Categorized as a Consolidated Authoritarian regime, Azerbaijan receives a Democracy Percentage of 1 out of 100 in the Nations in Transit 2022 report.