Protest rally of the Russian opposition demanding to allow independent candidates for the elections. Moscow, Russia. 20 July 2019. Editorial credit:  KOZYREV OLEG /


Power in Russia’s authoritarian political system is concentrated in the hands of President Vladimir Putin. With loyalist security forces, a subservient judiciary, a controlled media environment, and a legislature consisting of a ruling party and pliable opposition factions, the Kremlin is able to manipulate elections and suppress genuine dissent. Rampant corruption facilitates shifting links among bureaucrats and organized crime groups.

Freedom in the World 2021

Freedom in the World — Russia Country Report

Russia is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World 2021, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.

Ukraine photograph photo auction by anastasiia lukavska

Nations in Transit — Russia Country Report

Categorized as a Consolidated Authoritarian regime, Russia receives a Democracy Percentage of 7 out of 100 in the Nations in Transit 2021 report.

In the high-stakes battle between states and technology companies, the rights of internet users have become the main casualties. Illustration by Mitch Blunt

Freedom on the Net— Russia Country Report

Russia is rated Not Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe.