People in Beijing, China. Editorial credit: Editorial credit: wonderlustpicstravel / /


China’s authoritarian regime has become increasingly repressive in recent years. The ruling Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is tightening its control over the state bureaucracy, the media, online speech, religious groups, universities, businesses, and civil society associations, and it has undermined its own already modest rule-of-law reforms. The CCP leader and state president, Xi Jinping, has consolidated personal power to a degree not seen in China for decades, but his actions have also triggered rising discontent among elites within and outside the party. The country’s budding human rights movements continue to seek avenues for protecting basic rights despite a multiyear crackdown.

Freedom in the World 2021

Freedom in the World — China Country Report

China is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World 2021, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.

In the high-stakes battle between states and technology companies, the rights of internet users have become the main casualties. Illustration by Mitch Blunt

Freedom on the Net — China Country Report

China is rated Not Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe. 

China Special Reports

A newspaper consumer reads a copy of the Africa edition of Beijing’s state-run China Daily newspaper in front of a newsstand in Nairobi, Kenya. Photo Credit: TONY KARUMBA/AFP/Getty Images.

Beijing's Global Megaphone

The Expansion of Chinese Communist Party Media Influence since 2017

Chinese soldiers amass outside of Labrang Monastery in Gansu Province to prevent protests during Losar, the Tibetan lunar New Year festival, in February 2016 (Christophe Boisvieux/Getty Images)

The Battle for China's Spirit

Religious Revival, Repression, and Resistance under Xi Jinping

Protesters calling for press freedom outside the offices of the Southern Weekly newspaper in Guangdong Province. January 2013 (Photo by Jonah M. Kessel)

The Politburo's Predicament

Confronting the Limitations of Chinese Communist Party Repression


demonstrators hold desktop monitors with protest images

Policy Recommendations: China's Global Media Influence

The Chinese Communist Party has expanded its efforts to shape news content around the world through promoting its own propaganda,, suppressing critical viewpoints, and obtaining control over key content-delivery systems. The following policy recommendations could help counter the negative impact of Beijing’s foreign media influence campaigns. 

protester holds sign that says freedom is a right not a privilege hong kong china

Explore the China Media Bulletin

The monthly China Media Bulletin provides unique insight on censorship, media freedom, and internet freedom issues related to the People's Republic of China, drawing on both English and Chinese-language sources.